What are prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone?
Prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone are anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling medications. When your child has asthma or has trouble breathing, coughing, or wheezing, they may only need to take these medicines for a few days.
Corticosteroids are another name for these medications (say: cor-ti-co-STAIR-oyds). These steroids-usa are not the same as the steroids that athletes use to improve their performance. These medications do not have the same negative side effects as steroids used by athletes.
Short-term use of corticosteroids has no effect on the immune system or the growth of your child.
Before giving the medication
If your kid has any of the following conditions, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. If your kid has any of the following conditions, you should use this medicine with caution:
• an illness or had recently been exposed to one (such as chickenpox)
• Problems with blood sugar (diabetes)
• difficulties with the stomach or intestines
• Glaucoma is an example of an eye condition.
• any concerns with the heart, kidneys, or liver
• blood pressure that is too high
• issues with behavior
How should you administer prednisone, prednisolone, or dexamethasone to your child?
When giving corticosteroids to your child, follow these guidelines:
- Even if your child appears to be doing well, provide corticosteroids exactly as your doctor or pharmacist instructs. Only stop administering corticosteroids to your child if your doctor or pharmacist tells you to.
- Corticosteroids should be given to your youngster with food.
- Give your youngster corticosteroids at the same time every day in the morning. Choose a convenient time for you to avoid missing doses.
- If your child is receiving a corticosteroid in liquid form,
- Before giving your youngster the corticosteroid, give it a good shake.
- Use the special spoon or syringe provided by the pharmacy to administer corticosteroids to your child.
If your child misses a dosage of prednisone, prednisolone, or dexamethasone, what should you do?
If your child forgets to take a corticosteroid dose:
• As soon as you recall, give your youngster the missed dosage.
• If it’s almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose.
• Give your child the next dose at the same time every day.
What are the risks associated with prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone?
When your child receives corticosteroids for only a few days, he or she will experience few, if any, side effects. If any of these signs or symptoms do not go away after a few days, contact your child’s doctor:
• a stomach upset
• spitting up
• increased desire to eat
• restlessness or mood swings
• sleeping problems
The majority of the adverse effects listed below are uncommon, but they could indicate a serious condition. If your kid has any of the following adverse effects, contact his or her doctor right away or transport him or her to the nearest emergency room:
• stools that are black, tarry, or have blood in them
• vomit blood or a substance that resembles coffee grounds
When your child is on corticosteroids, what precautions should you take?
If your child has chickenpox or comes into touch with someone who has chickenpox, contact your doctor right away.
Inform your child’s doctor or dentist that he or she is taking a corticosteroid before having any type of surgery, including teeth extractions or emergency care.
Before giving your kid any additional medicine, even medicine that you can buy without a doctor’s order, consult with your child’s doctor or pharmacist (prescription).
What other crucial details concerning prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone should you be aware of?
- Make a list of all of your child’s prescriptions and show it to the doctor or pharmacist.
- Do not share your child’s medicine with others or give your child someone else’s medicine.
- Always have enough corticosteroids on hand to get you through weekends, holidays, and vacations. To order refills, call your pharmacist at least two days before your kid runs out of medicine.
- Keep corticosteroid tablets in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight at room temperature. DO NOT KEEP IN THE BATHROOM OR IN THE KITCHENETTE.
- Consult your pharmacist for instructions on how to keep corticosteroid liquid. Your child’s corticosteroid storage will be determined by the sort of corticosteroid he or she is taking.
- Do not store any drugs that have passed their expiration date. Consult your pharmacist for the best way to dispose of old or unused medications.
Prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone (corticosteroids) should be kept out of sight and reach of children and kept in a secure location. Call the Poison Centre if your child consumes too much prednisone, prednisolone, or dexamethasone (corticosteroids) for a short period of time.