Elevators are a necessary component of many people’s lives, especially those who live in buildings with more than five stories or work in big office buildings. Because of how simple elevators are to use, many people will ride them even if their destination is merely on the next floor up or down. However, some people are scared of elevators, either because they are afraid of the elevator car collapsing or because they are afraid of the elevator car’s small area.
The Hard Work is Done by Elevator Cables
The steel wires that keep elevator vehicles together are a particularly strong mechanism. How many cables are there on each vehicle? Between the ages of six and eight. That’s true, even if all but one fail, the elevator will remain safe to use because each steel cable can support more than the elevator car’s weight! Because all of the cables would have to be broken, only a freak catastrophe could send the car crashing to the ground. Such mishaps have occurred on two previous occasions. The first time this happened was in 1945, when a B-25 bomber collided with the Empire State Building, severing all of the wires. Surprisingly, the sole person in the lift part suppliers made it out alive! Is that even possible? All those cables beneath the automobile, it turns out, were enough to slow the car down before it hit the bottom.
The second incident occurred in 2001, when two planes assaulted the World Trade Center buildings. The cables were slashed, and some individuals perished as a result of the elevator car’s descent and subsequent crash.
These two events, however, should not dissuade you from using the elevator, as each one has a different “factor of safety.” This determines the quantity of ropes or cables in the elevator, which guarantees that the car you enter is as safe as possible.
An elevator’s efficient braking gear is another device that ensures safety. When an elevator begins to fall and its speed exceeds the elevator’s maximum safe speed, metal brakes on the vehicle’s sides latch onto the car and slow it down. To avoid a violent shock to the falling car, which may also damage individuals within, the car is progressively slowed.
Above the car, there is another highly powerful braking system. The main difference between this brake and the braking system beneath a car is that when the car engine is turned on, the top brake is actively engaged by the driver. An elevator brake, on the other hand, is only activated when the elevator’s power is turned off. As a result, if there is a power outage, the top brake will automatically clamp onto the pulley above the automobile, bringing the vehicle to a complete stop.
However, the wires and brakes are not the sole safety features. Another fascinating feature of an elevator is that it will always keep you safe.
The Counterbalancing Factor
This final safety mechanism has the advantage of preventing the elevator from collapsing to the earth even if both of the previous mechanisms fail.
Counterweights are a set of weights attached to the opposite ends of the cables that connect the elevator vehicle to the ground. These weights are higher than an empty car, but lower than a fully loaded vehicle. As a result, if the elevator fails completely and you are the only one in the vehicle, the car will actually move up, not down! This is because the counterweights weigh more than the empty automobile with you inside. You won’t crash into the ceiling when the car eventually reaches the top since there is a buffer there to mitigate the upward impact.
So now you know… an elevator is equipped with a variety of creative and effective safety features that will assure your safety in the vast majority of circumstances. With all of this technology in place, something going wrong would need an extremely unusual, freak accident. Even if there is a remote possibility, you should always remember that elevators are (statistically) safer than the stairs!